The killing of a priest who spoke out against an open-pit gold mine project by a Canadian company is spraying unrest in the community.
Foreign direct investment (FDI) is pouring into Colombia. In the last six months FDI was $7 billion—equivalent to 91.4 percent more than in the same period last year, according to new figures released by the Central Bank. Most of the money (64 percent) is going to oil and mining exploitation.
Despite the unprecedented possibilities of development and the promises
of a better life for the communities located in coal, gold or copper
areas or places with millions of barrels of oil and gas, the sudden
arrival of new and powerful actors has generated unrest, distrust and
This is the case of Marmato, a small village in the department of Caldas located on top of a “Montaña de Oro,” or Gold Mountain. Home of indigenous, Afro and mestizo artisanal miners for centuries, the recent arrival of the Canadian company Medoro Resources (it merged in July with Gran Colombia Gold) has prompted social conflict. Medoro has been buying land and mining titles for a plan to develop large-scale, open-pit gold projects to extract its estimated 9.8 million ounces of gold and 59 million ounces of silver.
For this, the company needs the town and its 1,200 people to relocate—something that a good part of the community opposes. However, the company is already building a new and fully equipped town a few miles away. Some in Marmato see it as a statement of the company taking the relocation for granted.
Among those who oppose relocation was Father José Reinel Restrepo, the 36-year-old pastor of Marmato’s Catholic parish. Father Reinel was an eloquent leader who visited Bogotá, together with municipal leaders, to speak out about the community unease and advocate against the displacement of the town.
A week later, early last month, Father Restrepo was killed. His body was found, without any identification, next to his motorcycle. He had been travelling between Guática and Belén de Umbría in the Colombian coffee region. As of today, the murderers have not been identified nor has a motive for Father Restrepo’s killing been determined, according to police.
Keep reading this article and watch the video on Americas Quartery.